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Stock

STOCK AND STOCK SECURITY FINANCE If the stock finance is mobilized through issue of securities such as shares and debenture, it is called as security finance. It is also called as corporate securities. This type of finance plays a major role in the field of deciding the capital structure of the company. Characters of Security Finance Security finance consists of the following important characters: 1. Long-term sources of finance. 2. It is also called as corporate securities. 3. Security financeRead More…

Internal rate of return

Internal rate of return Main aim of any kind of economic activity is earning profit. A business concern is also functioning mainly for the purpose of earning profit. Profit is the measuring techniques to understand the business efficiency of the concern. Profit maximization is also the traditional and narrow approach, which aims at, maximizes the profit of the concern. Profit maximization consists of the following important features. 1. Profit maximization is also called as cashing per share maximization. It leadsRead More…

Bond

Bonds have a dividend that is also known as script dividend. If the company does not have sufficient funds to pay cash dividend, the company promises to pay the shareholder at a future specific date with the help of issue of bond or notes. Property Dividend Property dividends are paid in the form of some assets other than cash. It will distributed under the exceptional circumstance. This type of dividend is not published in India. DIVIDEND DECISION Dividend decision ofRead More…

Par value

Par value is one of the important parts of overall management, which is directly related with various functional departments like personnel, marketing and production. Financial management covers wide area with multidimensional approaches. The following are the important scope of financial management. 1. Financial Management and Economics Economic concepts like micro and macroeconomics are directly applied with the financial management approaches. Investment decisions, micro and macro environmental factors are closely associated with the functions of financial manager. Financial management also usesRead More…

Current yield

Current yield approach measures the scope of the financial management in various fields, which include the essential part of the finance. Financial management is not a revolutionary concept but an evolutionary. The definition and scope of financial management has been changed from one period to another period and applied various innovations. Theoretical points of view, financial management approach may be broadly divided into two major parts. Traditional Approach Traditional approach is the initial stage of financial management, which was followed,Read More…

Put option

Call option and other definitions Call option: An option giving the taker the right, but not the obligation, to buy the underlying shares at a specified price on or before a specified date. Ask price: The lowest price at which a seller is willing to offer a security of the time; also known as the ‘offer’. If a person enters a market in order to buy a security, he will usually pay the ask price. Bear: A person who expectsRead More…

Eurodollar

CASH FLOW STATEMENT AND EURODOLLAR Cash flow statement is a statement which shows the sources of cash inflow and uses of cash out-flow of the business concern during a particular period of time. It is the statement, which involves only short-term financial position of the business concern. Cash flow statement provides a summary of operating, investment and financing cash flows and reconciles them with changes in its cash and cash equivalents such as marketable securities. Institute of Chartered Accountants ofRead More…

Equity

SOURCES OF EQUITY Sources of equity mean the ways for mobilizing various terms of finance to the industrial concern. Sources of finance state that, how the companies are mobilizing finance for their requirements. The companies belong to the existing or the new which need sum amount of finance to meet the long-term and short-term requirements such as purchasing of fixed assets, construction of office building, purchase of raw materials and day-to-day expenses. Sources of finance may be classified under variousRead More…

Finance and taxes returns

Preparing to pay your taxes can be a very difficult task, especially if you aren’t expert about proper calculation methods. Obviously you do not want to be delayed in submitting tax returns. This is probably why you should make it as a priority. You are doing this action to avoid some penalty payments in your future.There are two methods with which you can calculate the right amount of tax return you have for this year. You can hire a professionalRead More…

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